War Memorials -
St Martin's

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Memorials Page


[Index]

  1. Great War Memorial
  2. Book of Memorials
  3. Great War Original Wooden Crosses
  4. Upland House School Memorial
  5. Second World War Memorial
  6. Tony Myers, Dunkirk Cross
  7. Burma Star Memorial
  8. FV Northey (Zulu War)


Great War Memorial'


St Martin's Church War Memorial, 2007
St Martin's Church War Memorial, 2007

St Martin's church Parish Church War Memorial was dedicated on Sunday 12 June 1921, bearing the names of 106 of the congregation who fell in the Great War. To read more about an individual click on their name in one of the pictures of the panels, below.

Click on a name Jones, AFP Northey, W Jones, AFP Wheeler, WL Jolliffe, TD Nash, GS Jackson, AJ Winslett, ECW Cooke, PJ Piper, CAM Pye, W Mauvan, WE Ratcliff, LH Elderton, FR Broughton, AW Sargent, AH Maskell, A Chadband, JS
Click on a name Gaskell, DLS England, WG Clapham, CA Butcher, JPH Ballinger, C Gardiner, WN Botting, EE Cooke, WH Johnson, BK Beams, AH Donhue, JK Burfitt, TH Hewitt, RD English, FP Blackman, AE Lambert, FC Cumming, HA White, C Arthur, F Friday, E Harknett, AStan Ockenden, A Mason, PS Meredith, ED Budd, E Bailey, WH Choney, AW Breeden, GOJ
Click on a name Gaskell, DLS Ledger, RJ Vincent, WM Maskell, AE Zander, AC Toms, JE Aldridge, WG Sturgess, G Tracey, J Sheppard, T Galyer, J Sturt, RP Knight, SH Terry, A Middleton, A Scott, WP Smith, PR Moorcroft, FJ Shrubb, OJ Norrington, R Chittenden, AG Gabriel, SA Coller, TG Stevenson, AG Wheeler, EJ Palmer, T Marson, J Smith, LC Bailey, FJ Cropley, TR Hyde, G
Click on a name GrundtvigHH NevesWH JenkinsJR CulverA Hairs, MST Tye, WG Palmer, JE Gorey, H Smith, JA Goble, AE Harvey, C Eley, SG Bone, PW Harknett, ASid Portt, GS Gorey, F Cox, FE Stevens, G Jeal, JW Wickens, JS Robinson, H Arthur, Fred Grellier, GH Watkins, AK Plume, F Chalwin, A Massey, A Coulson, WE Johnson, JW
To read more about an individual please click on their name.
Photograph courtesy of Clive Gilbert 2007

Introduction
The Vicar of St Martin's at the time of the Great War, was Waldegrave Bainbridge-Bell. He wrote a regular 'letter' to all his parishioners in the Parish magazine. The following narrative has many quotes, in italics, from articles published in the magazine.

Appeal for photographs
In January 1919, just two months after the end of the war the Vicar proposed to have a book containing the photographs of those in the Parish who 'laid down their lives in the Great War'. He then asked their friends to send him a copy of their photographs 'with the name, address, and regiment of the fallen soldier or sailor written on the back, and any details that would be of general interest such as his age when he joined up, where he went to school, whether he was a member of the Choir, or Guild, etc., when he was confirmed'.

How best to Commemorate the fallen
Then on 28 January 1919 the Vicar wrote asking his parishioners to consider how best to commemorate fallen comrades. He was against anything that was a 'mere utility'. Although the community ought to have public baths and a public reading room, such things would not be a 'real memorial' but would simply be the 'provision of a need, which local rates might quite suitably supply'.

His view was that a suitable memorial would be 'a building where Christ Crucified is preached, and Christ risen is worshiped'. We want to hand on the faith, in which they went out to die: that faith in Him, which comforts those who mourn'.

He went on to write that if the people of the Parish wanted the social extension of Church life, then he would suggest the 'building of a really good Parish Hall and Institute', as the need for such a facility was great. At the moment all the parish's clubs, societies and meetings, have only 'one miserable room' available, and for this he was rather ashamed. Therefore, if parishioners felt that their memorial should enhance the social and educational needs of the Parish, then 'here is a distinct opportunity'.

However, it remained his view that 'the building of the western bays of our Parish Church', would be 'the most fitting of all offerings'. He then asked the parishioners to think it over and let him know their thoughts.

He ended with 'It is a glorious opportunity of doing something really worthy of the feelings which stir so strongly within us and which will interpret to generations yet unborn (lest they forget) how we felt about the lads who went out from this corner of the Empire, to make history, and to glorify God by their deaths'.

Vote for preferred option
The Vicar's letter dated 26 March 1919 noted that it had not yet been decided what form the memorial should take, and he noted that the views expressed at the memorial meeting had been varied. He had circulated a list of alternatives, and had asked everyone to cast a vote for their preferred option. To date about 40 replies had been received. Those who had not yet indicated their preference were urged to take away a voting paper, available at the west door of the church.

Presumably the people voted, and decided against erecting a building, instead opting for a memorial tablet. The Vicar's letter dated 23 February 1920, informs the congregation that a Mr. J.O. Cheadle had been appointed to design the memorial tablet, a drawing of which had been placed by the west doors, and the cost was to be £420. He stated that there would be room for '80 names in good bold lettering'. (Note: the final total of names inscribed is 106).

Provisional list of names
In March 1920 a provisional list of names was produced, with an appeal for errors and omissions to be notified. The list, as published in the Parish Magazine is as follows:
William Northey, George Scott*, Walter Wells*, Charles David*, Philip Morley*, Frederick Nash*, Benny Elderton, Charles Murray*, Edward Clarke*, George Walford*, David Gaskell, John Butcher, William N. Gardiner, Ernest Botting, William Pye, Albert H. Beams, Frederick English, Walter H. Cooke, Alfred S. Harknett, Albert Maskell, Frederick M. Galyer, Horace Stanley Knight, Tom Sheppard, Alfred Stevenson, Thomas H. Burfitt, William Henry Bailey, Francis J. Bailey, Frank Arthur, Raymond Norrington, Charles Ballinger, Joseph E. Toms, George Sturgess, Alfred Terry, Edward Friday, Ernest J. Wheeler, Alfred Middleton, Oliver J. Shrubb, Harry Coombes*, James R. Jenkins, John Shrubb, William M. Vincent, Albert Ockenden, Trefelyn Roland Cropley, A. George Stevenson, George Tracey, H. H. Gruntvig, Stewart A. Gabriel, Jack Marson, Robert J. Ledger, Henry Cumming, Walter Guy Tye, Arthur G. Chittenden, William England, Clement Harvey, Archer E. Goble, Christopher A. Clapham, Arthur S. Harknett, George C. Portt, Samuel G. Eley, Henry Gorey, Fred Gorey, John S. Wickens, Gordon H. Grellier, Frederick Plume, Joseph G. Hawker*, Archie K. Watkins, Leonard Smith, Percival W*. Albert Chalwin, John W. Jeal, William Broughton, Leon H. Ratcliff, Thomas Palmer, Percival R. Smith.
(* = do not appear on the final memorial)
It is interesting to note that this initial list contains the names of 74 men, and of those, 11 do not appear on the final memorial. As previously stated the number of men commemorated is 106.

War Memorial committee
On 28th April, 1920 a War Memorial committee was appointed under the Chairmanship of Mr. H.M. Grellier, whose son Gordon Harley Grellier had been killed in action on 31 October 1918. Once the war memorial committee had received a 'firm estimate' for the work (the initial estimate being £420 plus architect's fees) an appeal for funds was to be made. However, by June 1920 the appeal had still not been made, but gifts had been made by the parents of three of the boys who had been killed.

In July 1920 the Parish magazine stated that 'The Committee are anxious to obtain full details as to regiment, rank, place and date of death, and names of relatives of those whose names should be inscribed on the Roll. And that Mr Grellier 'will gladly receive any information from the friends of those who fought and fell'.

In September 1920 the Vicar was writing that a list of names would be hung at the Church doors, and that if possible the list would appear in the local press, and he was anxious that parishioners should scrutinise it, lest any errors or omissions had crept in. The cost had gone up to about £500, towards which about £300 had been received by the treasurer, Mr. Arthur Moore.

No Government funding
The memorial in the church was entirely private, with no government funding, so all the money would have to come from public donations. The Government was funding the erection of crosses and memorials in the foreign lands where the men fell, but very few of the relatives would be able to afford to travel to pay their respects. For this reason, private memorials in the UK were important, and everyone was urged to contribute, however small the amount.

It seems that raising the requisite amount of money proved to be difficult as in November 1920 an envelope seeking subscriptions was delivered to every house in the parish, to be collected in a fortnight. The appeal was styled as not pleading for assistance, but as giving each parishioner a chance to share in the common tribute to 'our glorious dead'. The envelopes seem to have been successful, as by December, with not all of the envelopes collected, the fund had risen to within £50 of the required amount. Individual donations had ranged from £25 to 2d.

By February 1921 the list of names had been finalised, having been twice published in the Epsom Herald. It contained the names of 106 men, arranged in chronological order of death, and the full names, rank, military honours (if any) and the regiment of each man, duly verified by parents and relatives.

The order for the memorial was placed with Messrs. Wooldridge & Simpson, of Oxford, at a cost of £305 5s. 0d., plus 10s. 6d. per dozen for the incised letters. The Architect's fee was £50. £502 0s. 9d. had been subscribed, which was considered to be amply sufficient to cover the cost of the Memorial and any incidental expenses.

By May 1921 the memorial had still not been constructed, and it was reported to the War Memorial committee that some of the pilasters had been lost in transit.

Dedication
St. Martin's Parish Church War Memorial was dedicated with due ceremony on Sunday 12 June 1921. It was unveiled by Major-General Sir J.R. Longley, K.C.M.G., C.B., and dedicated by the Rev. F.I. Anderson, C.M.G., Assistant Chaplain General. A Guard of honour was provided by the 5th East Surrey Regiment, and an officer and six buglers from Epsom College O.T.C. The National Federation of Discharged Sailors and Soldiers, and The Comrades of the Great War attended.

Two years and seven months after the end of the Great War, St Martin's church had a fitting memorial to their young men who had been killed in the war. A memorial that met with universal approval.

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Book of Memorials

In August 1921 it was decided that in addition to the fixed memorial in the church there should be a chained 'Book of Memorials', in which it was proposed to engross on its vellum pages, further details about the men whose names appear on the Memorial Tablet. The Church Council having decided unanimously that such details as would be of general interest engrossed in the Book, as a permanent historical record.

By January 1922 the 'Book of Memorials' had been completed, and the details, headed by a short preface, were to be preserved on its parchment leaves for all time. Parishioners were invited to inspect the book for themselves, which was lying 'on the oaken desk standing near the pillar at the junction of the new and old nave'.

The first 16 pages of the book are devoted to people who had presented gifts to the church in honour of a relative. The next 13 pages carry the name of the Great War fallen, with a brief note on when and how they lost their lives. Then a further 14 pages, again devoted to people who had presented gifts to the church. Two pages follow dedicated to the fallen of the Second World War.

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Great War Original Wooden Crosses

During the early 1920s the Imperial Commonwealth War Graves Commission (now the Commonwealth War Graves Commission) searched the battlefields for bodies which were concentrated into larger formal cemeteries. Many of the graves were initially marked by a wooden cross. These crosses were replaced with the more permanent and standardised stone grave markers we see today.

The original wooden crosses were offered to the families, and a few survive today. St. Martins has two such crosses, pictured here, one either side of the memorial.

Charles Alderton's wooden cross Humphrey Grundtvig's wooden cross
Charles Alderton's and Humphrey Grundtvig's wooden crosses
Image courtesy of Clive Gilbert © 2010

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Upland House School Memorial

The Upland House School screen in St Martin's Church
The Upland House School screen in St Martin's Church
Click to enlarge.
Photograph courtesy of Clive Gilbert © 2010

In 1920 a screen in the chancel of St. Martins Church was erected to commemorate the 17 old boys of Upland House School killed in the Great War. Click this link to read about Upland House School.

Click on a name
Details of the Upland House School memorial screen
To read more about an individual please click on their name.
Photograph courtesy of Clive Gilbert © 2010

Alison,LH Barton, EC Crewdson, TW Carter-Wood, JA Dickinson, FA Forest, CE Feild, JF Harrison, CH Hampton, W Herron, KC Hussey, CF Kite, RB Murray, CW Pearson, EH Saumarez, RS Turner, HC Willson, EB

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Second World War Memorial

After the Second World War the Great War memorial was modified to accommodate five bronze panels to commemorate the 77 men of the parish who lost their lives.

To read more about an individual click on their name in one of the pictures of the panels, below.

Click on a name Barnes, MC Bird, EJ Boxall, SE Brown, JM Brown, WT Burrough, JH Bussell, RM Bussell, RA Casey, D Collins, GG Cornock, WE Donaldson, CA Dunford, RJ Eaton, FM Edwards, J Fournier, BM Franck, DG Frecker, PF
Click on a name Furnell, HL Gardner, WH Garrard, T Geen, HE Gibson, MC Godward, J Gurney, WJ Hanley, MW Hawtin, PT Heming, A Henderson, RO Hicks, AJ Hills, OL Hodgson, DJ Ievers, EO Ingram, RS James, RH Mansfield, HW
Click on a name Marsh, L Maskell, RG Maynard, H Miles, RJ Moger, JE
Click on a name Moger, WC Montgomery, CG Morris, E Murphy, W Myers, AW Ogilvy, AE Page, WT Panting, DB Penfold, EJ Penfold, H Reid, C Reynolds, ER Richmond, JR Seymour, NA Simpson, L Skelton, WA Smith, AH Smith, HF
Click on a name Smith, JA Smith, MA Snelling, AV Sturt, GS Sturt, JE Sutton, GF Tepper, RH Tottle, P Treadaway, C Troughton, R Tuck, WE Vaughan, LD Walker, DB Wall, T Warwick, B Waters, D Watkins, RC Wilby, EJ
To read more about an individual please click on their name.
Photograph courtesy of Clive Gilbert 2007

St. Martin's Second World War fallen are included in the Borough of Epsom and Ewell's Book of Remembrance displayed in the foyer of Epsom Town Hall, which (on A-Z pages) also provide links to the Borough's dead, found by research after the Book of Remembrance was completed in 1948. Click this link to view the Book of Remembrance.

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Tony Myers, Dunkirk Cross

Dunkirk Cross
The Dunkirk Cross
Photograph courtesy of Clive Gilbert 2010

Near the War Memorial is a wooden cross dedicated to Anthony Wallis Myers who lost his life during the British Army's fighting retreat through France to Dunkirk.

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Burma Star Memorial

Memorial plaque to the men who fought in the Burma Campaign
Memorial plaque to the men who fought in the Burma Campaign, known as 'The Forgotten Army'
Image courtesy of Clive Gilbert © 2017

Near the War Memorial is a plaque dedicated to the men who fought in the Second World War Burma Campaign. It bears the famous epitaph:
When you go home tell them of us and say
for your tomorrow we gave our Today
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FV Northey (Zulu War)

Memorial plaque to Lieutenant Colonel Francis Vernon Northey
Memorial plaque to Lieutenant Colonel Francis Vernon Northey
Image courtesy of Clive Gilbert © 2010

Within St. Martin's Church is a plaque to Lieutenant Colonel Francis Vernon Northey. He fought with the 60th Rifles in the Zulu War of 1879. He was mortally wounded at Ginghilova on 2 April 1879 and died on 6 April 1879.

His body was brought back to Epsom and buried on 9 December 1879 in grave A15A in Epsom Cemetery.

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