WW2 Book of Remembrance - Surnames K

Index

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[Content]

KEEBLE, Katherine Wood (New 30/10/2017)
KEIGHLEY, Edgar Arthur James (Revised 13/12/2017)
KENNEDY, Jack Arthur Burdett (Revised 02/01/2018)
KINCHINGTON, Keith James (Updated 30/10/2017)
KING, Albert Walter Sidney (New 08/01/2018)
KING, Mary Ann * (New 30/10/2017)
KITTS, James * (New 30/10/2017)
KNIGHT, Herbert Henry * (New 30/10/2017)
KNOWLDEN, Gladys Winifred (New 30/10/2017)

* = Not included in the Book of Remembrance for reasons unknown.
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Content


KEEBLE, Katherine Wood

Civilian
Died 3 July 1944, aged 60

Katherine was born on 12 February 1884, the daughter of Herbert Henry Keeble and Catherine (née Wood - they married in Leatherhead on 12 August 1880).

She appears never to have married. The 1939 Register records her as one of three unrelated single women living/lodging with retired dressmaker Elizabeth Wilson at 39 Ashley Road, Epsom. That is presumably the "Mistley, Ashley Road, Epsom" at which the Commonwealth War Graves Commission records note that she died as a civilian casualty. This was in the same air raid that killed George MacGowan, Bertram Meaden and Hilda Vick.

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KEIGHLEY, Edgar Arthur James. Sergeant/Pilot (745306)

Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve.
Died 21 September 1940, aged 21.

The marriage of Edgar James Keighley to Maudie Elizabeth Bell was registered in West Ham, 3/1918, before their son Edgar Arthur Keithley's arrival was recorded in the same District for the June Quarter of 1919.

By 1931 the family had come to live in Lyntonia. 33 Meadow Walk, Ewell.

In or after 1937 Edgar, junior, volunteered to train as an RAFVR pilot with the service number 745306.

No. 20 Operational Training Unit, RAF, was formed at Lossiemouth, within 6 Group, on 27 May 1940 for conversion to Wellington night bombers.

On 16 September 1940, a 21 Squadron Blenheim IV, N3564, collided with a Wellington IA, N2900, of 20 OTU on take-off at Lossiemouth each aircraft burst into flames. Both had been intended to be on Non-Operational Flights.

Casualties aboard the Wellington were:-
Squadron Leader N W D Marwood-Elton,
Pilot Officer S J Jacobi,
Sergeant F Webster,
Sergeant H W Green,
Sergeant A W White,
Sergeant E Fenwick,
Sergeant A C Shankland
Sergeant E A J Keighley.
[Accident Report, National Archives AIR 81/3297]

All but Edgar Arthur James Keighley survived: sadly, he died 5 days later on 21 September 1940 at 7.30 a.m. in Grays Hospital, Elgin, as a consequence of extensive burns to his body.

His remains were interred in the Lossiemouth Burial Ground, Moray, Scotland.

Brian Bouchard © 2017

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KENNEDY, Jack Arthur Burdett. Flight Lieutenant (114309)

209 Squadron, Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve.
Died 7 June 1943, aged 31.

The marriage of George Arthur Kennedy to Mary Burdett was registered at Battersea for the September Quarter of 1911. Birth of Jack Arthur Burdett Kennedy came to be recorded at Wandsworth, 3/1913.

In 1934, Jack was still resident with his parents at 59 Kyrie Road, Wandsworth. By 1937, however, he is to be found living at 27 (later re-numbered 167) Bellenden Road, Camberwell, with Mary Agnes and Elizabeth Kate Poole, possibly as a lodger. The house is adjacent to Bellenham Old School.

The union of Jack with Elizabeth Kate Poole was recorded in Camberwell, 6/1938.

In September 1940 he enlisted with the Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve at Euston with a Service Number 1377038. Commissioned as a Pilot Officer, with a new number 114309, from 4 November 1941 he was promoted Flying Officer 1 April 1942.

During the War Jack and Elizabeth Kate Kennedy moved to 8 Parkdale Crescent, Worcester Park.

The South African Air Force Museum (Heritage) have supplied the following information:-
"FP275, coded 'E' was a Consolidated Mk1b Catalina on the strength of 259 squadron, RAF. The unit had been formed in mid 1942 to operate over the Indian Ocean, where U-boats were active in the Mozambique Channel and along the South African east coast. The advance party left Southampton by sea on 28th August 1942 for Cape Town, arriving on 25th September. From there they travelled to Durban and then up to their new base at Mombasa, arriving on 12th October. The aircraft, with the exception of the Officer Commanding (Wing Commander Bisdee) who flew across the Mediterrainean Sea and then down Africa, flew from Pembroke Dock in January 1943 to Gibralter and on to The Gambia on Africa's west coast, before cutting across the continent to Mombasa. FP275 was flown by Flight Officer Dutton on this delivery flight.
Almost immediately elements of the squadron were detached to Durban, operating out of Congella base in Durban harbour. Standard patrols would include flying out to sea from Durban, north up the coast on patrol,and then landing on Lake St Lucia before returning along the same course. On the night of 7th June 1943, the aircraft was attempting to land at St Lucia when it crashed on final approach. 8 of the 9 crew lost their lives, Flt Lt D W Foster, Pilot Officer D T Alexander (Royal Canadian Air Force), Sgt E Stevens, Sgt E Lynch, Sgt K Campbell and Sgt H D Shaw died along with [Sgt Kenneth George Griffiths]."
This account omits the pilot's name, F/L Jack Arthur Burdett Kennedy.

As noted above, FP 275 was a Catalina on the strength of 259 Squadron. Its normal crew had, however, been grounded by illness and their place was taken by a team from 209 Squadron whose usual craft, Catalina AH 548-O remained unserviceable.

AMERICAN AIRCRAFT IN ROYAL AIR FORCE SERVICE 1939-1945: CONSOLIDATED MODEL 28 CATALINA.
Consolidated Model 28 Catalina.
Source © IWM (CH 14924)

'Catalinas At Lake St Lucia' are further mentioned in Facts about Durban at www.fad.co.za :-
"In the early 1940s the first Catalina squadrons of the Royal Air Force began anti-submarine operations off the Cape coast, flying mostly from Langebaan. As the U-boats moved eastwards so did the Catalinas, arriving eventually at their base at Congella in Durban Harbour. They quickly identified the need for a forward base and Lake St Lucia, with its large expanses of water, was chosen after a snap survey. On 1 December 1942 the first ground crews led by Flight Lieutenant S J Wood arrived on the Eastern Shores and built a standard pattern RAF sea-plane base at what is now known as Catalina Bay on the eastern shore. They dynamited the rocks on the sea-shore at Mission Rocks for concrete, and built strip roads connecting various installations at points along the adjoining dunes. To this day the blast marks are clearly visible at Mission Rocks. A massive radar installation was also built on one of the higher dunes, called Mount Tabor by the local missionaries.
The Officer's mess and certain other installations were sited across the Lake at Charter's Creek. The first Catalinas of 262 Squadron arrived on 26 February 1942 and began using the St Lucia base as springboard for extended 20 - 24 hour patrols along the sea-lanes up to Madagascar and down to Durban. These were mostly Catalina 1b aircraft. The flarepath, consisted of a double row of bomb-scows moored at intervals diagonally across Catalina Bay, each fitted with a lantern for use during night landings…
On the night of 7 June 1943 Catalina E (FP 275) of 259 Squadron, piloted by Flight Lieutenant J A B Kennedy, RAF, was returning from an operational flight and made its final approach from the south, coming in over very flat terrain of reed beds and meanders of the Lake itself. As the big flying-boat passed low towards what is now called Mitchell Island, for no apparent reason it suddenly stalled and plunged into the shallows, killing all but one of its crew. The survivor was Sgt N A Workman. The aircraft was a total loss although the base staff did salvage certain parts from it."
The crew:-
114309 F/L Jack Arthur Burdett KENNEDY
CAN J/12453 F/O (Pilot) David Tasker ALEXANDER, RCAF
116523 F/L (Nav.) Dennis William FOSTER
812088 Sgt (F/E) Henry Douglas Gerald SHAW
1197078 Sgt (W.Op./Air Gnr.) Kenneth Graham GAMBELL
964787 Sgt (W.Op./Air Gnr.) Kenneth George GRIFFITHS
1545292 Sgt (F.M.Eng./Air Gnr.) Edward LYNCH
1499479 Sgt (F.M.Airf./Air Gnr.) Edward STEVENS
were buried in the Durban (Stellawood) Cemetery, Kwazulu Natal, South Africa.

Brian Bouchard © 2017

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KINCHINGTON, Keith James. Sergeant/Air Gunner (1338708)

625 Squadron, Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve.
Died 10 June 1944, aged 22

Keith James Kinchington
Keith James Kinchington

The Commonwealth War Graves Commission notes that Keith was the son of James Daniel Kinchington and Kitty Faith (née Rogers), and was the husband of Marjorie Evelyn (Margie) Kinchington, "of Epsom, Surrey". Margie's maiden name was Plowman, and their Q2 1943 marriage was registered in the Surrey Mid Eastern District which includes Epsom. The couple had a son, Barrie, born Q4 1944 (again in in the Surrey Mid Eastern District) - so at least 3 months after his father's death.

The remainder of this article was originally written in 2007 as a free-standing item under the heading:

An airman from Epsom, is honoured in France.


When anybody goes to war their future must be considered at best, uncertain. All serve, many survive, and others are heroes. Some die, but never leave a mark; some outcomes are known; some are lost to history, while other stories emerge much later from the mists of time.

It was thus when the Epsom and Ewell Local and Family History Centre (E&ELFHC) were contacted by Monsieur Frederick Vincent, from Bois d'Arcy, a village to the west of Paris asking if we had any knowledge of the Kinchington family from the Epsom area, during the Second World War.

Having heard of similar searches M. Vincent had made for other WW2 plane crashes in France, a group of veterans got in touch with him and asked for his technical assistance. He is a WW2 aviation buff and vice-Chairman of a re-enactment club named "US Army Air Force - Club Europe (USAAF-CE)" which specializes in WW2 allied air forces. He suggested that beyond the historical circumstances he could help them find the relatives of the crew members. This is where we came in.

Monsieur Frederick Vincent, from Bois d'Arcy
Monsieur Frederick Vincent, from Bois d'Arcy
Image Source Monsieur Frederick Vincent © 2007

The reason for the enquiry was that the village was to unveil a memorial to the crews of two RAF Lancaster bombers that crashed near the village in June 1944. One came from 166 Sqdn. The other was from 625 Sqdn., in which the rear gunner, Keith James Kinchington came from Epsom. The History Centre, together with The Epsom Guardian, whom M. Vincent had also contacted, traced at least two members of the family, but what else could be found?

After some research at The National Archives at Kew, that one of our volunteers had an opportunity to carry out, it would seem that the crew in question all joined 625 Squadron on 18 April 1944, being transferred from 11 Base, and first flew operationally on 24 April on a raid to Karlsruhe in Germany, They flew in Lancaster W4263.

Avro Lancaster Bomber
Avro Lancaster Bomber
Image Source Kago/Wikipedia

Subsequent missions included the following, in the build up to D-Day

11 May 44 ND472 to Haslett Mission aborted
21 May 44 LM427 to Duisberg
22 May 44 ND639 to Dortmund
24 May 44 LM427 to le Clipon
27 May 44 LL956 to Merville
28 May 44 LM512 to EU coastal batteries (Meaning of 'EU' is not known)
31 May 44 LL897 to Tergnier Mission abandoned due to icing up port
outer engine.(One of 3 to return to base)
7 June 44 ME733 to Foret de Cerisy
10 June 44 ND472 to Archeres Aircraft lost
The Crew of Lancaster Mk III. ND 742 of 625 Squadron call sign CF - F took off from RAF Kelstern in Lincolnshire at 2332 hours .All were members of the RAFVR (Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve).

Official reports state, "Presumed shot down by night fighters on night of 10/11 June 1944, while attacking rail facilities at Archeres. Aircraft crashed near Bois d'Arcy near Versailles"

More aircraft were lost to night fighters than any other cause. Of those aircrew who were operational at the start of the war only 10% survived to the end. Also, Bomber Command lost more aircrew on a single night than Fighter Command lost throughout the entire Battle of Britain i.e. 497 (officially from 10 July to 31 October 1940). At this rate it is hardly surprising that Bomber Command's aircrew losses during WW2 were more than 55,000. As has been said by others, "If today it represents a debt which can never be repaid, it is at least a debt which must never be forgotten".

The unfortunate crew are buried at Clichy New Communal Cemetery, and are listed as being in Plot 16, Row 14, Graves 9 & 10. while Sgt Kinchington is also in Plot 16 Row 14, but Grave no. 1 . There is no known reason why this should be.

Details of the crew subsequently discovered from various sources, is shown below. The ranks given are those at the time of the operation, and not as shown on the memorial which include promotions that had been 'in the pipeline'

Rank Name Postn Ser no. Age Family Details - if known.
P/O James Dudman Pilot 174032 26 Son of William James & Nora Annie Dudman
Sgt Geoffrey Laurence Mills Flt/Engr 1891587 20 Son of Mr & Mrs F K Mills Walthamstow Essex.
P/O John William Wells Navgtr 175072 34 Son of Tom & Ann Hainsworth Wells.and husband of Elsie Wells ofWibsey Bradford Yks.
F/Sgt Peter Cowie Air Bomber 177640 N/K CWGC give no details
F/Sgt John Taylor W/Op 1079856 N/K CWGC no details.But husband of Barbara & father of Linda Jacqueline, b. 22 2 1945.Station House Beckingham nr Doncaster.
Sgt Robert Bruce Hodgins RCAF Air gunner R/197404 20 Son of Henry & Edna N Hodgins of Park Hill, Ontario Canada
Sgt Keith James Kinchington Air gunner 1338708 22 Updated family details, as at the head of this new article

A great deal of effort must have gone into the preparations for the unveiling on 20 June 2007 of the monument to honour the crews of the two aircraft that crashed on 10 June 1944. But why now? There was no obvious reason or anniversary.

When asked, M. Vincent said "Why now ? There is no particular reason except that the local French veterans association of Bois d'Arcy wanted to honour the 14 dead airmen who fell on their soil in the fight for our freedom".

Memorial to the crews of two RAF Lancaster bombers that crashed near the village of Bois d'Arcy - Click on image to see the text of the monument.
Memorial to the crews of two RAF Lancaster bombers
that crashed near the village of Bois d'Arcy
Click on image to see the text of the monument.
Image source Monsieur Frederick Vincent © 2007

What was proposed was a dedication ceremony on 20 June 2007 with the following invitees :

  • French local authorities
  • Representatives of the British and Canadian embassies
  • French branches of the RAF association and British Legion
  • 60 standard bearers
  • French air force delegation
  • Fellow club members in wartime RAF uniforms
  • And as many relatives of the airmen as possible
On the day, the monument was unveiled with appropriate ceremony and much emotion.. It is to be hoped that more opportunities are given to record the many heroes of World War Two.

People at the monument unveiling ceremony
People at the monument unveiling ceremony
Image Source Monsieur Frederick Vincent © 2007

All heroes deserve more recognition than most of them get.

E&ELFHC were happy to have been able to help uncover some of this story of a brave aircrew and an air gunner who lived in Epsom.

Bert Barnhurst, Epsom and Ewell Local and Family History Centre
Updated by Roger Morgan October 2017

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KING, Albert Walter Sidney. Driver T/6471582

Royal Army Service Corps
Died 9 September 1944 Age 28

Not listed in the Book of Remembrance

Son of Peter and Marie Jane King, of West Ewell, Epsom, Surrey.

Buried: Gradara War Cemetery, II, F, 12.

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KING Mary Ann

Civilian
Died 30/11/1940, aged 75

Not listed in the Book of Remembrance

Of 56 Lyon Street. Daughter of G. and M. A. Etheridge, of 25 Church Road, Epsom, Surrey; widow of Francis King. Died at 56 Lyon Street, Southampton.

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KITTS James

Civilian
Died 09/02/1945, aged 9 Months

Not listed in the Book of Remembrance

Of 2 Sunnymead Avenue, West Ewell, Surrey. Son of Frank James and Muriel Eileen Kitts. Injured 15 June 1944, at 2 Sunnymede Avenue; died at Elfinsward Auxiliary Hospital, Haywards Heath

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KNIGHT Herbert Henry. Chief Stoker P/KX 76430.

Royal Navy - HMS_Penelope
Died 08/10/1943, aged 36

Not listed in the Book of Remembrance

Son of Henry Richard and Ellen Maria Knight, of Epsom; husband of Beatrice May Knight (nee Hampton). Lived at 24 Glebe Road, Ashtead.

Served on board HMS Penelope when it was torpedoed and sunk by the German submarine U-410 with the loss of 417 lives.

Commemorated on the Alexandria (Hadra) War Memorial Cem., Grave S.F.2.

Also see MARSH and STEPHENS

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KNOWLDEN, Gladys Winifred

Civilian
Died 3 August 1944, aged 55

Gladys was born (as Gladys Winifred Bere) on 29 November 1892. She married Alfred John Knowlden Q4 1914, in Sudbury Suffolk. They appear to have had one child, Martin, born Q3 1929, in Kingston-Upon-Thames.

The 1939 Register records the couple (with one currently closed record - presumably their son) living at 25 Glebe Road, Cheam. Alfred is listed as "Civil Servant Director Of Audit Exchequer & Audit Department" and Gladys with the conventional "Unpaid Domestic Duties".

The Commonwealth War Graves Commission records note that she died as a civilian casualty at her home of 1 The Green, Ewell - also noted in the Probate records as the couple's address when Alfred was awarded administration of his late wife's estate in November 1944.

She is buried in Epsom Cemetery (Grave M3 BGS).

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