John Bartholomew's Gazetteer of the British Isles (1877)
Epsom, market town and par. with ry. sta., W. Surrey, at foot of Banstead Downs, 16¾ m. SW. of London, 4424 ac., pop. 6916; P.O., T.O., 1 Bank, 2 newspapers.Market-day, Friday. Epsom was formerly celebrated for its mineral spring (from the water of which Epsom salts were manufactured), and was for some time a spa of considerable repute. It is now known chiefly for its great race meeting. The racecourse is on Epsom Downs (with branch line from Sutton); the grand stand (erected 1829) accommodates 5000 spectators. Races were permanently established at Epsom in 1730. The principal races are the Derby (1780) and the Oaks (1779); they are run on the Wednesday and Friday of the week preceding Whitsuntide.
Ewell.-- par., township, and vil. with ry. sta., W. Surrey, 2½ miles N. of Epsom and 16 SW. of London -- par., 4258 ac., pop. 3389; township, 2437 ac., pop. 3002; P.O., T.O., Market-day, Thursday. At Ewell are numerous villas of London traders. In the district are potteries, and brick and tile works; also flour-mills and powder-mills. Large cattle fairs are held in May, and sheep fairs in October. In NE. vicinity of vil. is the seat of Ewell Castle.